Microwave radiometry as a tool for measuring the salinity of the
surface waters of the oceans
Danilychev, B. Kutuza, V. Kaloshin, A. Moshkov
Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio-engineering and
The paper is received on January 19, 2015
Abstract: Microwave L-band allows
remote measurement of salinity of surface waters by means of aerospace
radiometry. Numerical evaluation of the nature and extent of the influence of
the main physical factors that determine the peculiarities of the formation of
their own brightness temperature of sea surface in this range are discussed.
These results contribute to a more complete understanding of
radiation-geophysical model and allow specialists to consciously approach the
selection of shooting options, the principles of construction equipment, the
development of pre-launch versions of the processing algorithms and the
corresponding calibration procedures.
Key words: microwave radiometry, L-band, remote sensing, sea surface, salinity, temperature, roughness, ionosphere.