Zhurnal Radioelektroniki - Journal of Radio Electronics. eISSN 1684-1719. 2020. No. 7

Full text (pdf)

Russian page


DOI  https://doi.org/10.30898/1684-1719.2020.7.15

UDC 621.391.822


Physics of flicker noise and modification of the transistor model


A. S. Matsaev


 The paper was received on July 22, 2020


Abstract. The article reveals the physical nature of flicker noise for electronic amplifiers. Experimental examples of the study of flicker noises are given with justification of the necessary and sufficient conditions for their existence, technical methods of regulation, forecasting, diagnostics and methods of their numerical assessment are determined. In order to reveal the physical essence and create a mathematical model of flicker noise for their numerical assessment, the Ebers-Mole model and the transport model of a bipolar transistor have been modified.

Keywords: flicker noise, 1/f noise, fluctuation noise, pink noise, excess noise, low frequency noise, thermal noise, shot noise, nonlinearity, drift, offset, zero component.


1. Buckingham M.J. Noise in Electronic Devices and Systems. John Wiley & Sons. 1985. 372 p. ISBN 013624453X, 9780136244530

2. Kogan Sh. M. Low-frequency current noise with a spectrum of type 1/f in solids. Physics Uspekhi. 1985. Vol.145. No.2. P.285-328. https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0145.198502d.0285

3. Weissman M.Â. 1/F noise and other slow, no exponential kinetics in condensed matter.  Rev. Mod. Phys. 1988. Vol.60. No.2. P. 537.

4. Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations – ICNF 2019 [online].  URL: https://icnf2019.epfl.ch/

5. Matsaev A.S. Comprehensive innovation in power amplifiers. Development of the first series of microcircuits. Uspekhi sovremennoy radioelektroniki.- Advances in modern radio electronics. 2019. No. 7. P.69-77. (In Russian)

6. LTspiceXVII library [online]. URL: https://www.analog.com/ru/design-center/design-tools-and-calculators/ltspice-simulator.html

7. Tietze U., Schenk C. Halbleiter-Schaltungtechnik. Springer. 1999. Vol. 1.

8. Tietze U., Schenk C. Halbleiter-Schaltungtechnik. Springer. 1999. Vol. 2.

9. Getreu I. Modeling the Bipolar Transistor. Amsterdam, Elsevier, 1978.

10. Horowitz P., Hill W. The Art of Electronics. Cambridge University Press. 1980. 1125 p. ISBN 5-03-002336-4.

11. Dwight H.R. Tables of Integrals and Other Mathematical Data. The Macmillan Company.  1961. ISBN-10 0023311703. ISBN-13 978-0023311703.

12. Brychkov Yu.A., Marichev O.I., Prudnikov A.P. Tablitsy neopredelonnykh integralov [Tables of indefinite integrals]. Moscow, Fizmatlit Publ. 2003. 200 p. (In Russian)

13. Matsaev A.S. Stabilization of amplifier characteristics with positive feedback. Radiotekhnika Radio Engineering. 1994. No.6. (In Russian)

14. Sze S.M. Physics of Semiconductor Devices. John Wiley & Sons. 1981.

15. Zhigalsky G.P. Lecture course “Fluktuatsii i shumy v fizicheskikh sistemakh [“Fluctuations and Noises in Physical Systems”]. Online resource. URL: https://studfiles.net/preview/331761/    (In Russian)

16. Van der Ziel A. Noise in Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, N.Y. 1976.

17. Van der Ziel A., Chenette C. H. Noise in Solid State Devices. Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics. 1978. Vol. 46.


For citation:

Matsaev A.S. Physics of flicker noise and modification of the transistor modelZhurnal Radioelektroniki - Journal of Radio Electronics. 2020. No. 7. https://doi.org/10.30898/1684-1719.2020.7.15