SYSTEMATIZATION, PRINCIPLES OF WORK AND
AREA OF APPLICATION OF SENSORS
A. A. Egorov
A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy
March 11, 2009
A review of various types of sensors is
represented. Their classification is given; the principles of work of some types
of sensors and area of their application are circumscribed. The special
attention is given to electrochemical sensors, thermo-sensors, biosensors and
optical chemical sensors. The fundamental phenomena underlying the work
principle of optical chemical sensors are considered. The principle of operation
of the integrated-optical chemical sensors of absorbing type is circumscribed.
The possibilities of application of integrated optical sensors in a
microelectronic industry, chemical industry, medicine and ecology are marked.