Journal of Radio Electronics. eISSN 1684-1719. 2023. 11
Contents

Full text in Russian (pdf)

Russian page

 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30898/1684-1719.2023.11.17

 

APPLICATION OF TRINARY DISCRETIZATION METHOD FOR STRUCTURAL DISTRIBUTION ANALYSIS

OF CARBON IN GRAPHENE-CONTAINED SHUNGITE

 

I.V. Antonets1, E.A. Golubev2, V.G. Shavrov3, V.I. Shcheglov3

 

1 Syktyvkar State University, Syktyvkar, Russia

2 Geology Institute Komy SC UrD RAS, Syktyvkar, Russia

3 Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics RAS, Moscow, Russia

 

The paper was received November 28, 2023

 

Abstract.Using the high-permission raster electron microscopy on nano-level the structure distribution of carbon in natural graphene-containing shungite applied for manufacturing adsorbing surfaces is investigated. The analysis is executed in specimens with specific carbon containing about 80-97% and specific conductivity from 2200 to 8600 Sm/m. The results of measuring were the cards of carbon distribution along the specimen surface. It was investigated four specimens and in each specimen was copied five cards in different its points, as a result twenty cards. It is found the presence on the cards the graphene packets and long graphene ribbons and also domains without clear graphene-similar structure. For the analysis of local carbon distribution, it is proposed the discretization method which consist of applying on the card plane the grid with square cells and following analysis of regularity graphene layers by each cell. It is found three levels of structure regularization: high, middle and low. For the high level it is typical the regular periodic distribution of graphene layers along the whole square of cell, for middle explosive character of graphene layers, for low absence of graphene layers along the whole cell. For individual characteristics of each specimen, it is proposed the concept of order degree which supposed the relative number cells in three levels which is averaged on all its cards. It is found that in typical case the high degree of order presents on 35,4% of card area, middle in 47,3% and low in 17,3% of the same area. By way of possible course of distinction in order level is proposed the specific geological origin of specimens from different depositions.

Key words: carbon, shungite, electro-conductivity.

Financing: The work was carried out within the framework of the state assignment of the V.A. Kotelnikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Corresponding author: Shcheglov Vladimir Ignatyevich, vshcheg@cplire.ru

References

1. Sokolov V.A., Kalinin Yu.K., Dukkiev E.F. (egitor). Shungiti novoe uglerodistoe sirye [Shungites new carbon raw material]. Petrozavodsk: Karelia. 1984. 176 p. (In Russian).

2. Melezhik V.A., Filippov M.M., Romashkin A.E. A giant paleoproterozoic deposit of shungite in NW Russia. // Ore Geology Reviews. 2004. V.24. P.135-154.

3. Borisov P.A. Karelskie shungite. [Karelian shungites]. Petrozavodsk: Karelia. 1956. (In Russian).

4. Philippov M.M. Shungiteonosnie porodi onegskoi structure. [Shungite-containing rocks of Onega structure]. Petrozavodsk: Karelian SC RAS. 2002. (In Russian).

5. Philippov M.M., Medvedev P.P., Romashkin A.E. O prirode shungitov Yuzhnoy Karelii. [About nature of South Karelia shungites] // Litologia i poleznie iskopaemie Lithology and useful minerals. 1998. 3. P.323-332. (In Russian).

6. Golubev Ye.A., Antonets I.V., Shcheglov V.I. Model presentation of microstructure, electroconductivity and microwave properties of shungite. Syktivkar: SyktSU. 2017. (In Russian).

7. Rodionov V.V. Mehanizmi vzaimodeystviya SVCh izluchenia s nanostrukturirovannimi uglerodsodershashchimi materialami. [The mechanisms of interaction of VHF-radiation with nanostructused carbon-contained materials]. // Master-thesis. Kursk. 2014. (In Russian).

8. Moshnikov I.A., Kovalevsky V.V., Lazareva T.N., Petrov A.V. Ispolzovanie shungitovih porod v sozdanii padioekraniruyushchih kompozitsionnih materialov. [The shungite rocks employment in creation of radio-screening composite materials]. // Materials of conference Geodynamics, magmatizm, sedimentogenes and minerageniya of north-west of Russia. Petrozavodsk: Geilogical institute of KarSC RAS. 2007. P.272-274. (In Russian).

9. Linkov L.M., Makhmud M.Sh., Kryshtopova E.A. Ekrani elektromagnitnogo izluchenia na osnove poroshkoobraznogo shungite. [The electromagnetic radiation screens on basis of powder-like shungite] // Bulletin of Polotsk State university. Series C. Main sciences. Novopolotsk: PSU. 2012. 4. P.103-108. (In Russian).

10. Linkov L.M., Borbotko T.V., Kryshtopova E.A. The radio-absorption properties of nickel-containing powdery shungite. // Technical Physics Letters. 2009. V.35. 9. P.44-48. (In Russian).

11. Linkov L.M., Borbotko T.V., Kryshtopova E.A. Microwave and optic properties of multi-functional screens of electromagnetic radiation on the basis of powder-like shungite. // Book of papers of 4-th international conference Modern methods and technologies of creation and processing of materials. Belarus. Minsk. 2009. P.23-25.

12. Emelyanov S.G., Kuzmenko A.P., Rodionov V.V., Dobromyslov M.B. Mechanisms of microwave absorption in carbon compounds from shungite. // Journal of Nano- and Electronic Physics. 2013. V.5. 4. P.04023-1 04023-3.

13. Kuzmenko A.P., Rodionov V.V., Kharseev V.A. Hyperfullerene carbon nane structures as a powder fill for absorption of microwave radiation. // Nano-technology. 2013. 4. P.35-36. (In Russian).

14. Kuzmenko A.P., Rodionov V.V., Emelyanov S.G., Chervyakov L.M., Dobromyslov M.B. Microwave properties of carbon nanotubes grown by pyrolysis of ethanol on nickel catalyst. // Journal of Nano- and Electronic Physics. 2014. V.6. 3. P.03037-1 03037-2.

15. Boiprav O.V., Ayad H.A.E., Lynkov L.M. Radioshielding properties of nickel-containing activated carbon. // Technical Physics Letters. 2019. V.45. 12. P.635-637.

16. Savenkov G.G., Morozov V.A., Ukraintseva T.V., Kats V.M., Zegrya G.G., Ilyushin M.A. The effect of shungite additives on electric discharge in ammonium perchlorate. // Technical Physics Letters. 2019. V.45. 19. P.1001-1003.

17. Golubev Ye.A., Antonets I.V., Shcheglov V.I. Static and dynamic conductivity of nanostructured carbonaceous shungite geomaterials. // Materials Chemistry and Physics. 2019. V. 226. 3. P.195-203.

18. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Dynamic microwave conductivity of graphene-based shungite. // Technical Physics Letters. 2018. V.44. 5. P.371-373.

19.Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. The investigation of conductivity of graphene-containing shungite by waveguide method. // Book of papers of International symposium Perspective materials and technologies. Vitsebsk. Bilarus. 2017. P.6-9.

20. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Dynamic conductivity of graphene-containing shungite in microwave region. // Book of papers of conference Phase transitions, critical and nonlinear phenomena in condensed media. Institute of Physics of Dagestan Scientific Centre RAS. Makhachala. 2017. P.432-436.

21. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Dynamic conductivity of graphene-containing shungite in microwave region. // Book of papers of XXV International conference Electromagnetic field and materials. M.: NIU MEI. 2017. P.135-147. (In Russian).

22. Morosov S.V., Novoselov K.S., Geim A.K. Electron transport in graphene. // Phys. Usp. 2008. V.51. 7. P.744-748.

23. Hill E.W., Geim A.K., Novoselov K., Schedin F., Blake P. Graphene spin valve devices. // IEEE Trans. Magn. 2006. V.42. 10. P.2694-2696.

24. Golovanov O.A., Makeeva G.S., Rinkevich A.B. Interaction of terahertz electromagnetic waves with periodic gratings of graphene micro- and nanoribbons. // Technical Physics. The Russian Journal of Applied Physics. 2016. V.61. 2. P.274-282.

25.Makeeva G.S., Golovanov O.A. Mathematical simulation of electron-guided designs of thera-cycle frequency range on the basis of graphene and carbon nano-tubes. Penza. Publ.:PSU. 2018. (In Russian).

26. Castro Neto A.H., Guinea F., Peres N.M.R., Novoselov K.S., Geim A.K. The electronic properties of graphene. Rev.Mod.Phys. 2009. V.81. 1. P.109-162(54).

27. Kovalevsky V.V. Structure of carbon substance and extraction of shungite rocks. // Doctor-thesis. Petrozavodsk. 2007. (In Russian).

28. Sheka E.F., Golubev E.A. Technical graphene (reduced graphene oxide) and its natural analog (shungite). // Technical Physics. The Russian Journal of Applied Physics. 2016. V.61. 7. P.1032-1038.

29. Golubev E.A., Ulyashev V.V., Veligshanin A.A. Poristost I strukturnie parametry shungitov Karelii po dannim malouglovogo rasseyania sinhrotronnogo izlychenia I mikroskopii [Porosity and structure parameters of Karelian shungite by data of small-angle dispersion of synchrotron radiation and microscopy]. // Kristallografia Crystallography. 2016. V.61. 1. P.74-85. (In Russian).

30. Goldstein D., Jakovits H. (ed.). Practical raster electron microscopy. M.: Nauka. 1978.

31. Stoyanov P.A. Electron microscope. // Physic encyclopedia. V.5. M.: Large Russian encyclopedia. 1998. P.574-578.

32. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Presentation of electrical conductivity of graphene-containing shungite on the basis of current tubes model. // Zhurnal Radioelectroniki Journal of Radio Electronics. 2020. 3. Available at: http://jre.cplire.ru/jre/mar20/7/text.pdf  (In Russian).

33. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Application of block-discretization method for analysis of electrical conductivity of graphene-containing shungite. // .Zhurnal Radioelectroniki Journal of Radio Electronics. 2021. 3. http://jre.cplire.ru/jre/mar21/3/text.pdf

34. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Investigation of electrical conductivity of graphene-contained shungite using the high-resolution scanning electron microscopy. // Zhurnal Radioelectroniki Journal of Radio Electronics. 2021. 3. http://jre.cplire.ru/jre/mar21/9/text.pdf

35. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Application of de-composition method for calculation of electrical conductivity of shungite based on the electron-microscopic cards of carbon distribution. // Zhurnal Radioelectroniki Journal of Radio Electronics. 2021. 3. http://jre.cplire.ru/jre/mar21/13/text.pdf

36. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Application of independent-channel method for investigation of electrical conductivity of graphene-containing shungite. // Zhurnal Radio electroniki Journal of Radio Electronics. 2021. 7. http://jre.cplire.ru/jre/jun21/6/text.pdf

37. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. The influence of carbon component structure of graphene containing shungite on its electrical conductivity // Zhurnal Radio electroniki Journal of Radio Electronics. 2021. 8.

http://jre.cplire.ru/jre/aug18/8/text.pdf

38. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Investigation of structure and electrical properties of graphene-containing shungite by data of electro-force spectroscopy. Part 1. Concentration of carbon. // Zhurnal Radioelectroniki Journal of Radio Electronics. 2020. 3. Available at: http://jre.cplire.ru/jre/mar20/7/text.pdf (In Russian).

39. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Investigation of structure and electrical properties of graphene-containing shungite by data of electro-force spectroscopy. Part 2. Discretization of structure. // Zhurnal Radioelectroniki Journal of Radio Electronics. 2020. 3. Available at: http://jre.cplire.ru/jre/mar20/7/text.pdf (In Russian).

40. Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Investigation of structure and electrical properties of graphene-containing shungite by data of electro-force spectroscopy. Part 3. Integral conductivity. // Zhurnal Radioelectroniki Journal of Radio Electronics. 2020. 3. Available at: http://jre.cplire.ru/jre/mar20/7/text.pdf (In Russian).

41. Antonets I.V., Golubev Ye.A., Shcheglov V.I. Application of the trinary discretization method for the structural analysis of natural disordered sp2 carbon // Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures. 2023. https://doi.org/10.1080/1536383X.2023.2273416

42. Vorobyeva L.A. Theory and practices of chemical analysis of soils. M.: GEOS. 2006.

43. Antonets I.V., Kotov L.N., Nekipelov S.V., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I.  Electrodynamics properties of thin metal films with different thickness and morphology of surface. // Journal of Communications Technology and Electronics. 2004. V.49. 10. P.1243-1250. 

44. Antonets I.V., Kotov L.N., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I.  Conducting and reflection properties of nano-meter thickness films from different metals. // Journal of Communications Technology and Electronics. 2006. V.51. 12. P.1481-1487.

For citation:

Antonets I.V., Golubev E.A., Shavrov V.G., Shcheglov V.I. Application of trinary discretization method for structural distribution analysis of carbon in graphene-contained shungite // Journal of Radio Electronics. 2023. 11. https://doi.org/10.30898/1684-1719.2023.11.17