"JOURNAL OF RADIO ELECTRONICS" (Zhurnal Radioelektroniki ISSN 1684-1719, N 11, 2016

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A method for automatically detection of absence epilepsy discharges in EEG signals


Yu. V. Obukhov 1, I. A. Kershner 1, V. V. Gnezditskiy 2

 1 Kotel'nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of RAS

2 Scientific Neurology Centre


The paper is received on November 18, 2016


Abstract. The method for automatically detection of absence epilepsy is described. The method is based on EEG signals wavelet spectra ridges analysis. To remove signal trend, the discrete eight-order Butterworth filter with 2-124 Hz bandwidth was used for the processing of data. The detection method of Epileptic discharges is based on the analysis of Morlet wavelet spectrogram ridges. Actually, the wavelet spectrogram consists of the background as well as the ridges. Epileptic discharges have high PSD in comparison to the background. Ridges with maximal PSD are considered. To filter the background from the spectrogram it was proposed to analyze the ridges PSD histograms. The histogram shows steep decrease in a particular PSD values, and these values are selected as adaptive thresholds for the detection of epilepsy seizures. The algorithm of automatic epileptic seizures detection can be realized as EEG time windows analysis by proposed approach. Designed method is illustrated by absence epilepsy seizures detection.

Key words: EEG, ridges of wavelet spectrogram, absence epilepsy, seizures detection.


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